The Oldest Domesticated Saluki Breed: Unveiling the Timeless Beauty

Saluki breed

The Saluki breed of sighthound that is considered one of the oldest known breeds of domestic dogs. These majestic dogs are known for their grace, speed, and elegance, and are often used for hunting small game, such as hares and rabbits.

History of the Saluki Breed

The Saluki breed is believed to have originated in the Middle East, specifically in the area that is now Iran. It is thought that these dogs were used for hunting by nomadic tribes in the region as far back as 7000 BCE. In fact, the Saluki is considered one of the oldest known breeds of domestic dogs, with evidence of their existence found in ancient Egyptian tombs.

The breed was highly valued by the Bedouin tribes of the Arabian Peninsula, who used Salukis for hunting gazelles, hares, and other small game. The dogs were considered a sign of wealth and were often given as gifts to important individuals.

The breed was introduced to the Western world in the 1800s when European explorers and travelers brought Salukis back from the Middle East. The breed quickly gained popularity among European aristocracy, and in 1923 the Saluki Club of America was founded.

saluki dog

Physical Characteristics of the Saluki Breed

The Saluki breed is a medium to large-sized sighthound that is known for its long, slender build and elegant appearance. These dogs are athletic and agile, with long, powerful legs that allow them to run at high speeds.

Here are some of the physical characteristics of the Saluki breed:

Size: Salukis typically weigh between 40 and 70 pounds and stand between 23 and 28 inches tall at the shoulder.

Coat: The Saluki’s coat is typically short and silky, although some dogs may have longer hair on their ears, tail, and legs. The breed comes in a variety of colors, including white, cream, fawn, red, black, and brindle.

Head: The Saluki’s head is long and narrow, with a slightly domed skull and a long muzzle. The ears are long and floppy, and the eyes are large and dark.


The Saluki is a gentle and affectionate breed that is known for its loyalty and devotion to its family. These dogs are typically reserved around strangers, but they are not aggressive or timid.

Personality: Salukis are independent and intelligent dogs that are known for their dignified and aloof nature. They are not typically as demonstrative with their affections as some other breeds, but they are devoted to their families and enjoy spending time with them.

Activity level: Salukis are active dogs that require daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. They enjoy running and playing, and many Salukis excel in dog sports such as lure coursing and agility.

Training: Salukis are intelligent and can be trained, but they can also be independent and stubborn. Positive reinforcement training methods are recommended for this breed, as they respond well to praise and treats.

Grooming and Care Requirements for the Saluki Breed

The Saluki’s short, silky coat requires minimal grooming, although regular brushing can help to keep the coat shiny and healthy. These dogs are generally healthy and have a lifespan of 12 to 14 years.

Here are some of the care requirements for the Saluki breed:

Exercise: Salukis are active dogs that require daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. A daily walk or run, as well as opportunities for off-leash play in a secure area, are recommended for this breed

The Saluki breed has specific dietary needs that owners should be aware of in order to keep their dogs healthy and happy. Like all dogs, Salukis require a balanced diet that provides them with the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that they need to thrive.


Here are some tips on feeding your Saluki breed:

  1. Choose high-quality dog food: Look for high-quality dog food that is made from wholesome ingredients and free from fillers, artificial flavors, and preservatives. The food should be appropriate for your Saluki’s age, size, and activity level.
  2. Consider a grain-free diet: Some Salukis may be sensitive to grains or have allergies to certain grains. If your dog has digestive issues or skin problems, consider switching to grain-free dog food.
  3. Be mindful of portion sizes: Salukis are prone to obesity, so it’s important to be mindful of portion sizes and not overfeed your dog. Follow the feeding guidelines on the dog food package and adjust the amount based on your dog’s activity level and body condition.
  4. Provide plenty of fresh water: It’s important to provide your Saluki with plenty of fresh, clean water at all times. Make sure your dog’s water bowl is always filled with fresh water and cleaned regularly.
  5. Consider a raw or homemade diet: Some Saluki owners choose to feed their dogs a raw or homemade diet, which can provide them with a more natural and varied diet. If you are considering a raw or homemade diet, make sure to do your research and consult with your veterinarian to ensure that your dog is receiving all of the necessary nutrients.

Check out the best dog food for saluki breed

Overall, feeding your Saluki breed a balanced diet that meets their specific nutritional needs is essential for their health and well-being. Be sure to provide your dog with plenty of fresh water, avoid overfeeding, and choose a high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level.

Salukis are an active and athletic breed, and they enjoy playing and running. Providing them with toys that suit their needs can help keep them mentally and physically stimulated. Here are a few toys that Salukis may enjoy:

  1. KONG Classic Dog Toy: The KONG Classic is a durable chew toy that can be filled with treats or peanut butter. Salukis can spend hours chewing on this toy, which can help keep their teeth clean and provide them with mental stimulation.
  2. Frisbee: Salukis love to run and chase, and a Frisbee is a great toy for them to play with. It allows them to exercise and burn off energy, while also strengthening their muscles and improving their agility.
  3. Rope toys: Salukis are natural hunters, and they may enjoy playing with rope toys that mimic the feeling of prey. Rope toys can also help promote dental health by cleaning their teeth and gums as they chew.
  4. Interactive puzzle toys: Salukis are intelligent dogs, and they enjoy toys that challenge their minds. Interactive puzzle toys, such as the Outward Hound Hide-A-Squirrel Puzzle Toy, can provide mental stimulation and keep them entertained for hours.
  5. Tennis balls: Salukis enjoy playing fetch, and a tennis ball is a classic toy that many dogs love. They are easy to carry and can be thrown long distances, making them a great toy for Salukis to chase and retrieve.

Check Out The 9 Best Dog Toys According To Vets And Made In The USA

It’s important to choose toys that are appropriate for your Saluki’s age, size, and activity level. Always supervise your dog while they are playing with toys to ensure their safety. Regularly inspect toys for signs of wear and tear, and replace them as needed. By providing your Saluki with appropriate toys, you can help keep them healthy, happy, and entertained.

Saluki dog breed

Salukis can make great domestic dogs, but they may not be the best choice for everyone. Here are some factors to consider when deciding if a Saluki is a right breed for your home.

  1. Exercise needs: Salukis are a high-energy breed that requires a lot of exercises. They enjoy running and need daily opportunities to stretch their legs and burn off energy. If you have a large, fenced-in yard or live near a park or open space where your Saluki can run, they may be a good fit for your home.
  2. Training: Salukis are intelligent dogs but can be independent and strong-willed. They require consistent training and socialization from an early age to ensure they are well-behaved and obedient. If you are willing to invest time and effort into training your Saluki, they can make great companions.
  3. Size: Salukis are a large breed and can weigh up to 70 pounds. They require a lot of space to move around and may not be suitable for small apartments or homes with limited space.
  4. Prey drive: Salukis were bred as hunting dogs and had a strong prey drive. They may not be suitable for homes with small animals, such as cats or rabbits, as they may view them as prey.
  5. Grooming needs: Salukis have long, silky coats that require regular grooming to keep them healthy and free from mats and tangles. If you are not willing or able to commit to regular grooming, a Saluki may not be the right breed for you.


Salukis can make great domestic dogs for the right owner. They require plenty of exercise, training, and grooming, but can be loyal and affectionate companions. If you are considering a Saluki, it’s important to do your research and make sure the breed is a good fit for your lifestyle and home.

The Saluki is a beautiful and elegant breed of dog with a rich history and a unique set of characteristics. They are known for their athleticism, grace, and hunting ability, as well as their loyalty and affection towards their human family. Salukis require a significant amount of exercise and mental stimulation, and they do best with experienced dog owners who are willing to invest time and effort into training and socializing them. They may not be the best choice for homes with small children or other small pets due to their strong prey drive and independent nature.

Overall, the Saluki breed is a fascinating breed that is sure to capture the heart of anyone who appreciates their unique qualities. If you are considering adding a Saluki to your family, be sure to do your research and consult with a reputable breeder to ensure that you are prepared for the demands and rewards of this remarkable breed.

Disclaimer: This article contains affiliate links to products. All product details reflect the price and availability at the time of publication. We may receive a small commission for purchases made through these links.